For thousands of years people think about that stony arks lays on the Egyptian grounds silently watching the history runs in one of the most ancient nations of the world .watching conquerors with their armies pass over and over ,watching great battles, rising of empires and falling of others .the one ask him self about that monument. Who can build such things that stayed for such long time l wonder?
That’s makes me so eager to know about it and search massively in books, old and new books
To figure out some facts about Egyptian pyramids
1-Building of the pyramids
PYRAMIDS building happen in ancient Egypt during ruling of the 4th pharaoh dynasty
2575 B.C .on the west Nile bank on a stony plateau of the Giza land. Building of the three major pyramids didn’t happen in the same time. It takes long time and work to accomplish that. The biggest pyramid (Khufu) takes 23 years of work and about 30000 workers
The way used to build pyramids still secret over the time and many scientists over the history tried to reveal its secrets via searching in wall prints, murals and autographs
They wonder about the mechanisms used to transport the giant rocks (weight 12 tons/single rock) to the building site??
It’s found later that they use boats to transport it along the river Nile.
How they can lift that rocks, how they can stick each rock to the other with no adhesive material like cement .it’s found that they use air deflation to stick those rocks. Really amazing!!
The outer layer of the pyramid was made of lime bricks that make it glowing under sunlight
That bricks removed later and used during building of Cairo . There was a pyramidion made from a valuable material put on top of the pyramid but it is lost long time ago.
2- the real purpose of building pyramids also not really known
May be it was just for burying of the pharaoh king. a giant great tomb to preserve the king’s body and treasures for afterlife and away from attacks of enemies and treasure hunters which was very common throughout the history by the way.
There are theories talks about making a giant watch in the form of a pyramid and watching the shadow of it to know about hours of day and night, months and years
Many scientists suggest that pyramids act as an observatory to monitor the dynamics of astronomy.
They said that may be the pharaoh king died and buried out of the pyramid especially they didn’t find King Khufu’s burying chamber yet . Wow!!
Some eccentric theories can’t believe that any human can build such thing and May aliens did it to be a lighthouse for their spaceships or something. But lately they found the tombs of the workers nearby.
3- Interior design of Khufu’s pyramid
The main inlet of the pyramid lies in the north 17 metres from the land surface across that door there is a downward passage (105 metres) then it becomes straight for about 9 metres till the pyramid’s bottom where there is a chamber believed it was for burying of King Khufu.
There is also the queen chamber, the king’s chamber and the big foyer.
In The king’s chamber masons used huge rocks of red granite (40-70 tons) that needs to be lifted for 70 metres where it must be placed.
4- who is the man behind the designing of pyramids. The architect who is the man?
It was King Khufu’s vizier hemiunu (also known as hemon) he was responsible for all stuffs of the king
He was a son of prince nefermaat and grandson of king snofru of the 4th dynasty
He has many titles one of them is (the priest of bastet, sekhmet, Mendes and thot.
There is a statue of hemiunu at belizaeus museum Germany
His tomb lies next to Khufu’s pyramid.
5- Khufu’s solar ship
Ancient vessel that found near to Khufu’s pyramid it was intact and one of the oldest and largest best preserved and ever discovered vessels.
It measures 43.6m length, 5.9 m width. The ship built with a flat bottom composed of several planks. It was built of Lebanon cedar.
It was discovered by Kamal elmallakh 1954
The ship is now preserved in the Giza solar boat museum.
6- The 7 ancient world’s wonders.
Khufu’s pyramid is the only one and last wonder of ancient world.
Yes there was other magnificent works of architectural arts in this world but unfortunately it’s all gone
And not exist for now.
a-Gardens of Babylon
Were built beside the Euphrates River in Iraq by king Nebuchadnezzar ll 600 B.C
Its height 75 feet .the king built it forsake of his wife to ease her homesickness.
It was so romantic!!
b-Statue of Zeus at Olympia
Zeus was king of gods in Greek myths. The statue was sculpted by artist called Phidias around 5th century b.c. .the statue was decorated with gold and ivory and it was 40 fetes tall
It was destroyed with fire 2500 years ago.
c-Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Its magnificent marble building designed and constructed by an architect called chersiphron around 550 b.c. Unfortunately the simple burned by such crazy Greek citizen.
d-Mausoleum at halicarnassus
Was located in south eastern Turkey. It was a tomb built by Artemisia for her husband 353 b.c.
It’s made entirely of white marble and was about 135 feet.
It was destroyed in an earthquake in the 13th century.
e-Colossus of Rhodes
It was an enormous bronze statue for the sun God Helios built during the third century B.C.
It was 100 feet tall. Destroyed in an earthquake.
f-Lighthouse of Alexandria
It was located on a small island near to Alexandria Egypt. Designed by Sostratos a Greek architect 270 B.C. . The lighthouse destroyed gradually by series of earthquakes.
It’s the statue located at the front of Giza pyramids. It’s in the form of mythical creature of human head and a lion’s body. IT sculpted the bedrock. Most of the statue was buried under tons of desert sand. It was believed that the face of the statue Representing king khafre but with broken nose.
8- Civilisations around the pyramids
It’s a monarchy arisen in Egypt 3150 year B.C. Began with king Mena who united upper and Lower Egypt then after ruling of many kingdoms weakness and fall of pharaohs ruling happen after invasion of Egypt by Roman’s
- Persians (27th dynasty)
Cambyses ll defeated the last pharaoh king of the 26th dynasty at the battle of pelusium 525 b.c.
After cambyses king Darius l ruled Egypt .and the last Persian ruler of Egypt was Darius ll . A rebellion led by Amyrtaeus ends Persian rule at 404 b.c.
Egypt become independent again during ruling of 28th, 29th and 30th dynasty
- Macedonian empire.
Conquest by Alexander the great
- Ptolemaic kingdom
Ends with death of queen Cleopatra 30 b.c.
- Roman empire :Was established in Egypt 30 b.c. after Octavian defeated his rival Mark Antony.
9- Myths around the Egyptian pyramids
- Pyramids were built by slaves.
Discovering of pyramids workers tombs lately proved with many evidences that they were ordinary workers
- The pyramids built by aliens
As I said before in eccentric theories which can’t believe that ancient Egyptian can do that heavy skilful work with their primitive tools
The evidence appeared in the jarf papyrus which confirmed that the builders were the ancient Egyptians.
10 – Pyramids and ancient Egypt in recent American movies
- Star gate SG-1 (1997–2007)
- X-Men: Apocalypse (2016)
- The Mummy (1999)
- The Mummy (2017)
- Gods of Egypt (2016)
- The Mummy Returns (2001
- The Scorpion King (2002)
- Exodus: Gods and Kings (2014)
- Cleopatra (1963)
- The Prince of Egypt (1998)
Our earliest evidence of government, in the ruins of Babylon and Egypt, shows nothing but ziggurats and pyramids of wasted taxpayer money, the TARP funds and shovel-ready stimulus programs of their day.
I really can’t believe what a state the Pyramids are in. I thought they had flat rendered sides, but when you get up close, you see how they are just giant boulders balanced on top of each other, like a massive game of Jenga that has got out of hand.
When the Egyptians were building the pyramids or the Romans were building roads, or you had the westward push with the railroads, I don’t think that the guys on the ground were spending a lot of time thinking, ‘Hey, hundreds or thousands of years from now they will look back at the brick I have just laid down here and say that I changed the world!